Ration Card Download – Ration Card Search with Aadhaar ID

Ration cards have been an Integral part of India’s social welfare system, ensuring food security and equitable distribution of essential goods. They are crucial for individuals facing financial difficulties or those classified below the poverty line (BPL), offering essential aid in acquiring food staples that might otherwise be out of reach. Additionally, ration cards serve as proof of both identity and residence.

In this blog, we’ll explore the importance and utility of ration cards, highlighting their essential role as a societal safety net and a primary means of accessing various government services.

What is a Ration Card?

A ration card is an official government document that enables individuals or families to buy essential commodities such as food grains and kerosene at subsidized rates from government-approved stores.

Ration cards are crucial in combating food scarcity and ensuring every citizen can access affordable food. They serve as a social safety net and help prevent hoarding and price manipulation of essential goods.

Ration cards, typically issued to low-income families, are categorized based on economic criteria. They help identify eligible beneficiaries for various government welfare schemes.

History of Ration Cards in India

The history of ration cards in India is a significant aspect of the country’s socio-economic development. Rationing in India dates back to the early 1940s during World War II when the British colonial government introduced the system to ensure fair distribution of essential commodities like food grains, sugar, and kerosene, which were in high demand due to the war effort.

After India gained independence in 1947, the rationing system continued to combat food shortages and ensure equitable food distribution to the population. Over the years, the ration card system evolved and adapted to the changing needs and challenges of the country. Here’s a brief overview of key milestones in the history of ration cards in India:

  1. Introduction of Rationing Boards: The government established Rationing Boards in various states to manage and oversee the distribution of essential commodities. These boards played a vital role in issuing ration cards to eligible households.
  2. Three Categories of Ration Cards: Over time, the ration card system was categorized into three main types: Above Poverty Line (APL), Below Poverty Line (BPL), and Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) cards. Each category determined the entitlements and benefits a household could receive.
  3. Computerization and Modernization: In the 1990s and 2000s, there was a significant push towards computerizing and modernizing the ration card system to reduce fraud, ensure transparency, and streamline the distribution process.
  4. Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS): Introduced in 1997, the TPDS aimed to better target food subsidies to those who needed them the most, reducing leakages and improving the effectiveness of the rationing system.
  5. Aadhaar Integration: In recent years, the Indian government integrated the Aadhaar system (a biometric identification system) with ration cards to enhance transparency and eliminate duplicate or fake cards.
  6. Digitalization and Portability: The digitization of ration cards and the introduction of the ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ scheme aimed to provide beneficiaries with greater mobility, allowing them to access their entitled food rations from any part of the country.

Throughout its history, the ration card system in India has played a pivotal role in ensuring food security for millions of households, especially those in vulnerable economic conditions. Despite challenges and continuous improvements, the system remains a critical tool in the country’s efforts to address poverty and hunger.

Types of Ration Card

In India, ration cards are categorized into several types, each serving a specific purpose. The main categories are:

  1. White Ration Card: This card is available for individuals whose income exceeds the poverty line. The “white” classification signifies that the cardholder is an Indian citizen with an income exceeding the poverty threshold.
  2. Blue/Red/Green/Yellow Ration Card: These varieties of ration cards are issued to those below the poverty line. They provide access to essential food at reduced, subsidized prices for economically disadvantaged individuals.

Benefits of having a Ration Card in India

Owning a ration card in India comes with a multitude of benefits for the cardholder, which include:

  1. Food Security: Ration cards ensure that low-income families can always afford essential food items like rice, wheat, sugar, and cooking oil.
  2. Lower Prices: Ration cardholders receive these food items at subsidized rates, which are cheaper than the prices in regular stores.
  3. Identification and Address Proof: Ration cards provide proof of identity and residence, facilitating access to various government services and programs.
  4. Access to Help: Ration cardholders may become eligible for different support programs such as scholarships, housing assistance, and job opportunities.
  5. Convenient LPG Access: Certain ration cards grant access to subsidized cooking gas (LPG) connections, providing economic relief for household cooking needs.
  6. Support for Marginalized Groups: Ration cards help identify and assist marginalized individuals, ensuring they receive the necessary support to be included in social welfare programs.

List of Official Department of Food, Supplies, and Consumer Affairs (State-wise PDS websites)

Ration cards in India are distributed and regulated by state governments, and the Public Distribution System (PDS) oversees the distribution of subsidized goods through a network of Fair Price Shops. You can explore and check the available services by visiting the official state-wise PDS websites listed below:

  1. Andhra Pradesh – https://epdsap.ap.gov.in/epdsAP/epds
  2. Arunachal Pradesh – https://www.arunfcs.gov.in/
  3. Assam – https://fcsca.assam.gov.in/
  4. Bihar – https://sfc.bihar.gov.in/
  5. Chhattisgarh – https://khadya.cg.nic.in/
  6. Goa – https://www.goacivilsupplies.gov.in/
  7. Gujarat – https://ipds.gujarat.gov.in/
  8. Haryana – https://haryanafood.gov.in/
  9. Himachal Pradesh – https://admis.hp.nic.in/ehimapurti/
  10. Jharkhand – https://aahar.jharkhand.gov.in/
  11. Karnataka – https://ahara.kar.nic.in/
  12. Kerala – https://www.civilsupplieskerala.gov.in/
  13. Madhya Pradesh – https://www.mphdfc.nic.in/
  14. Maharashtra – https://mahafood.gov.in/
  15. Manipur – https://www.manipurpds.com/
  16. Meghalaya – https://megedistrict.gov.in/
  17. Mizoram – https://fcsca.mizoram.gov.in/
  18. Nagaland – https://fcsnagaland.gov.in/
  19. Odisha – https://pdsodisha.gov.in/
  20. Punjab – https://www.punjab.gov.in/departments/food-civil-supplies-and-consumer-affairs
  21. Rajasthan – https://food.raj.nic.in/
  22. Sikkim – https://sikkimfcs-cad.gov.in/
  23. Tamil Nadu – https://www.tnpds.gov.in/
  24. Telangana – https://epds.telangana.gov.in/epds_TG/
  25. Tripura – https://fcsca.trp.nic.in/
  26. Uttar Pradesh – https://fcs.up.gov.in/
  27. Uttarakhand – https://ceo.uk.gov.in/epds/
  28. West Bengal – https://wbpds.gov.in/

Eligibility for a ration card varies by state, but to apply for one, you must meet specific criteria set by your state’s government. These criteria often include income levels, family size, and residency status. It’s advisable to check your state’s PDS website or visit your nearest Fair Price Shop for detailed eligibility requirements and application procedures.

Download an e-Ration Card Through DigiLocker

  • Now, you have the option to download your ration card online. Once downloaded, you can use it just like the original ration card. This online version is called an e-ration card.
  • To get started, access the DigiLocker application or portal https://www.digilocker.gov.in.
  • In the next step, complete your registration by entering your name, mobile number, and date of birth and selecting the Sign Up option. If you are already registered, sign in.
  • During registration, complete the registration process by verifying your account with OTP.
  • After registration, sign in by entering your mobile number, security code, and OTP.
  • After logging in, go to the document search section. Type “ration card” in the search box and select the ration card option of your state.
  • You will be redirected to a new page where you can enter your ration card number and select the “Get Document” option.
Ration Card Download

Your ration card will then be added to your DigiLocker account. You can download it in PDF format from the Release Documents section. Also, you can access various ration related services, such as downloading the card, viewing the list, and linking with Aadhaar, through the One Nation One Ration Card mobile application called ‘My Ration Application’.

Ration Card Download – Ration Card List 2024, Status, Ration Card Application

Important Note: The government provides the UMANG portal for accessing all services related to the Mera Ration Card.

How to Download an E-Ration Card Online?

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to download a ration card online through the Public Distribution System (PDS) in your state:

  1. Visit the sanctioned website of your state’s PDS. You can access it at nfsa.gov.in or find your state’s specific website on the “List of Official PDS Portals” provided below.
  2. Navigate to the ‘e-services’ section and look for the’ e-ration card option.’
  3. Confirm your identity by entering the One-Time Password (OTP) sent to your registered mobile number as specified by the PDS portal.
  4. Choose the appropriate option for online ration card download, which might be named ‘Print Ration Card,’ ‘e-ration card Download,’ or ‘Get an e-ration card.’
  5. You’ll be directed to a new page with an online form. Fill in all the required details, including your ration card number, personal information, Aadhaar number, name, mobile number, date of birth, and email address.
  6. After entering the necessary details, the PDS authorities will verify the information provided.
  7. Upon successful verification, you’ll be redirected to another page where you can download your ration card in PDF format.
  8. Some portals may also offer the option of downloading an e-ration card by entering your registered mobile number instead of filling out the entire online form.

Note: The process and terminology may vary slightly depending on your state’s specific PDS portal. For accurate and updated information, it’s recommended that you follow the instructions provided on the official website.

राशन कार्ड लिस्ट में नाम

Check Eligibility List

  • To confirm eligibility for your ration card, visit the official website of your state’s food and supplies department.
  • If you reside in Uttar Pradesh and want to check the ration card list, you should visit the official portal of the Food and Supplies Department of Uttar Pradesh, which is available at https://fcs.up.gov.in.
  • After reaching the main page, you will find the list of all the state districts. Select your district from the available options.
  • Select the city or village panchayat on the next page, if available.
  • After selecting your assigned ration shop owner’s name and ration card number will be displayed.
  • Click on your ration card number to enter the eligibility list.
  • The eligibility list will then be shown on your screen. If your name is on the list, you have the right to get food grains from your nearest ration shop.
  • Regularly checking the eligibility list to get your entitlement under the Ration Card scheme is important.

Pre-requisites to Download Ration Card Online

Before starting the downloading process for your ration card, ensure you have the following necessary information at hand:

Ration Card Details:

  • Ration card number: This unique identifier is essential for any transaction or to download the ration card.
  • Type of ration card (e.g., APL, BPL): Know the category of your ration card for accurate processing.
  • Names of family members: Ensure you have the names of family members as mentioned on their Aadhaar cards or other relevant documents.
  • Any other specific details: Be prepared with any additional information required by your state’s PDS portal for the download process.

Absolutely, the two-step verification process using a One-Time Password (OTP) adds an extra layer of security to online systems, including the process of downloading a ration card. Here are a few key points to remember regarding OTP verification:

  1. Registered Mobile Number: The mobile number registered with your ration card is crucial for receiving the OTP. This number serves as a verification tool to confirm that the person downloading the ration card is the legitimate cardholder.
  2. Access to Mobile Phone: Before initiating the download process, ensure that you have access to the mobile phone linked to your ration card. This is necessary for receiving the OTP and entering it during the download process.
राशन कार्ड चेक

How do I apply for a ration card in India?

Yes, the process of applying for a ration card in India can vary slightly from state to state, but the general steps usually include:

  1. Visit the Local Ration Card Office: Locate the nearest ration card office or Fair Price Shop in your area.
  2. Fill out the Application Form: Obtain the application form for a ration card and fill it out accurately. The form may require details such as your name, address, family members’ information, income details, etc.
  3. Provide Necessary Documents: Gather the necessary documents required for the application, which may include proof of identity (such as Aadhaar card, voter ID, PAN card), proof of residence (such as electricity bill, rent agreement), income certificate, passport-sized photographs, etc.
  4. Submit the Application: Submit the completed application form along with the required documents to the ration card office or designated authority.
  5. Follow the Prescribed Procedure: Follow any additional procedures or requirements specified by the authorities, such as verification of documents, biometric authentication (if applicable), and payment of any applicable fees.
  6. Await Approval and Issuance: After submitting the application, wait for it to be processed and approved by the authorities. Once approved, you will receive your ration card either through mail or by visiting the designated office for collection.

It’s important to note that the exact requirements and procedures can vary, so it’s advisable to check with your state’s Public Distribution System (PDS) or visit the official PDS website for detailed information specific to your location.


What is a ration card?

A ration card is an important government-issued document that is provided to citizens. With the help of this, they can buy ration at subsidized rates and it serves as a valid identity proof.

How many types of ration cards are there?

There are five main types of ration cards: Antyodaya Ration Card (AAY), Below Poverty Line Ration Card (BPL), Above Poverty Line Ration Card (APL), Annapurna Ration Card (AY), and Priority Ration Card (PHH).

What are the benefits of ration card?

Ration cards are important to Indian citizens as they allow access to food grains at subsidized rates and, in many cases, serve as a valid form of identification.

How can I download my ration card online?

You can download your ration card online by visiting your state’s food security portal and using your ration card number. Apart from this, you can also download your ration card through DigiLocker.

What are the basic features of e-ration card?

The e-RC is given the same rights and benefits as the digital ration card (DRC). All concerned authorities should understand that the e-RC is equivalent to the DRC. The e-RC can be verified online through its embedded QR code or by using the e-ration card number on the official website of the department. Cardholders can download their e-ration card from the website. Beneficiaries can receive food grains from the ration shop the next day of approval without taking the physical DRC; a printed copy or digital version on a mobile phone is sufficient.

How to get digitally printed e-ration card?

Access the e-ration card portal via mobile, computer or eKhdya Bandhu mobile app. Alternatively, visit the nearest cyber cafe for assistance. Go to the “Order Ration PVC Card” section, verify your card information, place your order and pay a nominal fee of Rs 50. On successful order placement, expect your card to be delivered within 7 to 14 days via speed post or courier service.

What does the Ration Card Portal do?

The eRation Card Portal is specially designed to provide printing services for eRation Cards while supporting the Government of West Bengal. Individuals seeking quick DRC process upon approval of new ration cards, correction in existing cards, or change in ration dealers can apply and receive PVC printed ERC within 7 days for just ₹50.

Why has the e-ration card portal been created?

From 2021, the West Bengal government has removed the application form for duplicate ration card from the common application dashboard of the government PDS portal. Despite the government’s assurance of equal validity for digital and e-ration cards, ration card holders continue to apply for revised cards (Form 5, 6, 8, 13, 14) through various channels in the hope of getting PVC cards.


Ration cards in India play a critical role in ensuring food security and providing essential commodities to the diverse population of the nation. With a rich history, they serve as a lifeline for millions of families living below the poverty line. Understanding the types of ration cards, their benefits, and where to access information about them can help individuals navigate this essential aspect of India’s social welfare system more effectively.

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